Jiaheng Li,Mei Jiang,Xiaoting Zhao,Ziyu Wang,Meng Gu,Weiying Li. Cisplatin selects for CD133+ cells in lung cancer cells. Oncol Transl Med, 2020, 6: 16-20.
Cisplatin selects for CD133+ cells in lung cancer cells
Received:May 06, 2019  Revised:June 10, 2019
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KeyWord:CD133;Cisplatin;Lung cancer cells
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Jiaheng Li Beijing Chest Hospital,Capital Medical University,Beijing Tuberculosis and Thoracic Tumor Research Institute ljhhbmu@126.com 
Mei Jiang Beijing Chest Hospital,Capital Medical University,Beijing Tuberculosis and Thoracic Tumor Research Institute  
Xiaoting Zhao Department of Cellular Molecular Biology,Beijing Chest Hospital,Capital Medical University,Beijing Tuberculosis and Thoracic Tumor Research Institute  
Ziyu Wang Beijing Chest Hospital,Capital Medical University,Beijing Tuberculosis and Thoracic Tumor Research Institute  
Meng Gu Beijing Chest Hospital,Capital Medical University,Beijing Tuberculosis and Thoracic Tumor Research Institute  
Weiying Li Beijing Chest Hospital,Capital Medical University,Beijing Tuberculosis and Thoracic Tumor Research Institute li_weiying412@aliyun.com 
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Abstract:
      Objective Platinum-based chemotherapy is the first-line treatment for non–small cell lung cancer, but the chemoresistance of tumor cells continues to be a considerable challenge in the management of NSCLCs, leading to recurrence of most patients. CD133 (prominin-1) is a five-transmembrane glycoprotein, and recent evidence suggests that CD133+ cells are the cause of drug resistance and tumor recurrence. In this study, the correlation between cisplatin and CD133+ cells was investigated systematically. Methods Four lung cancer cell lines, including A549, H460, 801D and H1299, were treated with different concentrations of cisplatin. Cell viability was determined by MTT assay. Sphere-forming assay was performed to detect the capability of sphere-forming. CD133+ cells was detected by BD FACScaliber flow cytometer. Results The results showed that cisplatin could increase the number of CD133+ cells in both time- and dose-dependent manner. The enrichment would weaken but the proportion of CD133+ cells was still higher than the basic level as incubation time extended after cisplatin was withdrawn. Compared with adherent culture, the proportion of CD133+ cells was higher when the cells were maintained suspension culture. The proportion of CD133+ cells significantly increased when cisplatin was provided in suspension culture. Conclusion These results revealed that cisplatin induces the enrichment of CD133+ cells and CD133 is a new therapeutic target. Our data partially explained drug resistance to second-line chemotherapy in cisplatin-treated patients with NSCLCs.
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