Xing Liu,Xiaodong Xie. Research progression of PD-1/PD-L1 in non-small cell lung cancer. Oncol Transl Med, 2017, 3: 111-115.
Research progression of PD-1/PD-L1 in non-small cell lung cancer
Received:November 28, 2016  Revised:May 26, 2017
View Full Text  View/Add Comment  Download reader
KeyWord:lung cancer; programmed cell death 1; programmed cell death-ligand 1; immunotherapy
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Xing Liu Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shenyang 110847, China 13365864@qq.com 
Xiaodong Xie Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shenyang 110847, China doctor_xxd@163.com 
Hits: 5603
Download times: 6235
Abstract:
      Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Despite great progress in the development of target agents, most people who do not harbor a mutation do not benefit from these agents. Immunotherapy, which stimulates the body’s immune system to improve the anti-tumor immunity effect, is a new therapeutic method for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) and its ligand (PD-L1) belong to the CD28/B7 immunoglobulin super-family and are co-stimulatory molecules that show negative regulation effects. Combined with its ligand, PD-1 can modulate the tumor micro-environment, enabling tumor cells to escape host immune surveillance and elimination and play a key role in the clinical significance of NSCLC. An increasing number of clinical trials have suggested that immune checkpoint inhibitors, including anti-PD-1 and anti-PD-L1 monoclonal antibodies, are beneficial and safe for NSCLC. Here, we review the brief history of PD-L1 as a biomarker, mechanism of action, and critical role of PD-1/PD-L1 in the treatment of NSCLC as well as the current research status and future directions.
Close